Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him) was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia in 570 AD. He grew up in a noble and respected family, and was known for his honesty, kindness, and wisdom. He worked as a trader and shepherd, and was known for his fairness in business.
At the age of 40, while meditating in a cave outside Mecca, he received his first revelation from Allah through the Angel Gabriel. This marked the beginning of his prophethood and the start of his mission to spread the message of Islam.
Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) spent the next 23 years of his life preaching the message of Islam and teaching the Quran to his followers. He faced many challenges and opposition from the leaders of Mecca, who were resistant to his message of monotheism and social justice. In 622 AD, he and his followers migrated to Medina, an event known as the Hijra, which marked the beginning of the Islamic calendar.
In Medina, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) established a community based on the principles of Islam, and continued to spread the message of the religion. He led several battles in defense of the Muslim community, including the famous Battle of Badr and Battle of Uhud.
Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) passed away in 632 AD in Medina, having successfully established Islam as a major religion. His legacy as a prophet, teacher, and leader continues to inspire millions of people around the world to this day.
Childhood and early life:
Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him) was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, in 570 AD. His father, Abdullah, died before his birth, and his mother, Amina, died when he was six years old. He was then raised by his grandfather, Abdul Muttalib, and later by his uncle, Abu Talib.
As a child, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) was known for his honesty, kindness, and generosity. He was also known for his love of solitude and contemplation, and would often spend time meditating in the mountains around Mecca.
During his teenage years, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) worked as a shepherd and a trader, and gained a reputation for his honesty and trustworthiness. He was offered positions of leadership by various tribes in Mecca, but always declined, preferring to live a simple and humble life.
At the age of 25, he married Khadija, a wealthy and respected woman who was 15 years older than him. Their marriage was a happy one, and they had several children together.
Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) was known for his integrity and his concern for the welfare of others from an early age. These qualities would later become hallmarks of his leadership and would play a major role in the spread of Islam. His early life also demonstrated his ability to navigate complex social and political situations, which would be important in his later role as a prophet and leader.
Before receiving his first revelation from Allah, Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him) led a simple life as a trader in Mecca. He was known for his honesty, integrity, and kindness, and was respected by the people of Mecca for his trustworthy nature.
Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) gained a reputation for his trustworthiness, and was often entrusted with the responsibility of safeguarding the property and goods of his employers. He was known for his ability to resolve disputes and was often called upon to mediate in conflicts.
Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) was deeply concerned with the social and economic inequalities that existed in Mecca at the time, and was disturbed by the widespread practice of idol worship. Despite the polytheistic culture of Mecca, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) was known for his monotheistic beliefs and his tendency to spend time in solitude and contemplation.He would often retreat to a cave on Mount Hira to meditate and reflect on these issues.
It was during one of these meditations that he received his first revelation from Allah through the Angel Gabriel, which marked the beginning of his prophethood and the start of his mission to spread the message of Islam.
Although he faced significant opposition from the leaders of Mecca, who were resistant to his message of monotheism and social justice, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) continued to spread the message of Islam with compassion and conviction, eventually leading to the establishment of the first Islamic state in Medina.
Makki life refers to the period of Hazrat Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) life when he lived in Mecca, before he migrated to Medina. This period spans roughly 13 years and is marked by the initial revelations of Islam, the establishment of the Muslim community, and the persecution faced by early Muslims.
During this time, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) preached the message of Islam to the people of Mecca, emphasizing the importance of monotheism, social justice, and the equality of all people before God. He faced significant opposition from the leaders of Mecca, who saw the spread of Islam as a threat to their power and influence.
Despite this opposition, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) continued to preach the message of Islam with compassion and conviction, and his message began to gain traction among the common people of Mecca. Many people were drawn to Islam’s message of equality and social justice, as well as its emphasis on personal morality and spiritual growth.
During the Makki period, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) also established the Muslim community in Mecca, bringing together his followers and organizing them into a cohesive group. He encouraged his followers to support one another and to remain steadfast in the face of persecution.
The Makki period was marked by significant hardship and persecution for early Muslims, but it also served as a time of spiritual and moral growth, as Muslims worked to live in accordance with the principles of Islam and to build a community based on compassion, justice, and equality.
Madani life refers to the period of Hazrat Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) life when he lived in Medina, after his migration from Mecca. This period spans roughly 10 years and is marked by the establishment of the first Islamic state, the development of Islamic law, and the expansion of Islam throughout the Arabian Peninsula.
When Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) migrated to Medina, he was welcomed by the people of Medina, who recognized him as a prophet and a leader. He worked to establish a community based on the principles of Islam, bringing together the Muslim and non-Muslim tribes of Medina under a common system of governance.
During the Madani period, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) established the first Islamic state, developing a constitution that laid out the rights and responsibilities of all citizens, regardless of their religion or tribal affiliation. He also established a system of Islamic law, or shariah, which governed all aspects of life, including personal morality, family law, and criminal law.
Under Hazrat Muhammad’s (PBUH) leadership, Islam began to spread rapidly throughout the Arabian Peninsula, as more and more people were drawn to its message of social justice, equality, and monotheism. The Madani period was marked by numerous battles and military campaigns, as early Muslims worked to defend their community and expand their influence.
Throughout the Madani period, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) remained committed to the principles of compassion and justice, working to establish a community based on mutual respect and cooperation. His leadership during this period laid the foundations for the Islamic civilization, which would go on to make significant contributions to science, art, and philosophy in the centuries to come.
Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him) passed away on June 8, 632 CE, in Medina, at the age of 63. He fell ill for several days before his death and continued to preach and advise his companions until his final hours.
Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) was buried in Medina, in the house where he had lived for the last years of his life.
The death of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) was a deeply emotional moment for his companions and followers, who mourned his loss and struggled to come to terms with the fact that they would no longer be able to benefit from his guidance and leadership. In the years following his death, his companions worked to preserve his teachings and legacy, compiling his sayings and actions into what would become the Islamic scripture, the Quran, and the Hadith.
Despite his passing, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) remains a revered figure in Islam, honored as a prophet and a leader whose teachings continue to guide Muslims to this day.